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The Creator (Grk: ktistis)

  

ktistis, ktisis: a creator; to create something which has not existed before (creation ex nihilo – “creation out of nothing”)

ktistis, ktisis, ktiso, ektisen, etc… are all singular nouns, adjectives or verbs. (all point to a single creator – one person)

The doctrine of the trinity says that God is a triune deity and that all 3 persons that comprise of the “godhead” were co-creators of the physical universe, the earth, everything in it – and mankind! The OT though, clearly reveals something different.

Yahweh God (God the Father in NT) is clearly revealed as the sole Creator of the genesis creation! He had no co-creators! The NT follows the same trend!

Matthew 19:4 – 5
ὅτι ὁ κτίσας ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς (that the Creator from the beginning)
Jesus attributes the creation of mankind to the One and only Creator (singular word ὁ κτίσας). Who is this Creator?

Mark 10:5 – 7
ἀπὸ δὲ ἀρχῆς κτίσεως (from the beginning of creation)
Jesus acknowledges the genesis creation of mankind to be the product of the One God (singular word κτίσεως). Jesus does not include Himself in the creation of mankind; He points away and gives credit to His God.

Mark 13:19
ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς κτίσεως ἣν ἔκτισεν ὁ θεὸς (since beginning of creation which was created by the God)
In view of eschatological tribulation, Jesus goes back to the beginning of time – and credits God with the creation! The singular verbs (κτίσεως/ἔκτισεν) governing the singular noun (ὁ θεὸς) reveal the One God is the only Creator! The one person God, the Father, is the Creator – Jesus indicates this and does not include Himself as co-creator!

2 Peter 3:3 – 6
V4 – ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς κτίσεως (from the beginning of creation)
The universe, earth, etc…is what is in view here of “creation” (V5); God by His word created all these things! In the last days, people will mock our eschatological message of the coming kingdom and the return of the King!

Romans 1:20 – 25
V20 – τὰ γὰρ ἀόρατα αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ κτίσεως κόσμου (since the creation of the inhabitants, His invisible attributes…)
Words like “creation”, “His” (singular nouns/pronouns) – evidence that God is a one person God (from the beginning). From the time of genesis, God’s attributes, power and character can be seen in creation – should be observed by mankind! When we look at the elements of the universe, do we conclude there is one creator, or a Tri-une co-creators?

V25 – ἐλάτρευσαν τῇ κτίσει παρὰ τὸν κτίσαντα (served the creature rather than the Creator…)
Words like “creature”, “creator” (all singular nouns, verbs)

Revelation 4:8 – 11
Here is the praise of the 4 living creatures addressed to God the Father (V8)
God is described as “who was, is and is to come”, “who lives forever and ever” (V8, V9)
God is pictured as “sitting on the throne” – 2 times (V9, V10)
The praise of the 24 elders is addressed to God the Father (continuity of context) (V11)

Ἄξιος εἶ, ὁ κύριος καὶ ὁ θεὸς ἡμῶν (worthy are you, our Lord and God)
ὅτι σὺ ἔκτισας τὰ πάντα (for you created all things)
διὰ τὸ θέλημα σου ἦσαν καὶ ἐκτίσθησαν (by your will they are and were created)

Notice the singular pronouns (you), verbs (created) – evidence their doxology was directed to one person: God!
God the Father is receiving heavenly praise for His act of the genesis creation (universe, earth, etc…). If the angelic host are praising God the Father only, why is the church praising a Tri-une diety as co-creators?

Revelation 10:5 – 6
The angel makes an oath before the one addressed as “Him who lives forever and ever” (God the Father – see Rev 4). “He who lives forever and ever” is the one accredited to the creation of the heavens, the earth – and everything in it.

Ephesians 3:8 – 9
Contextually, Paul speaks regarding the mystery of Christ (V4) – which he started to explain in chapters 2, and continues in chapter 3. The mystery – the acceptance of gentiles (with jews) in Christ and partakers of the inheritance, promised by God. This promise was hidden from mankind, since the beginning of time (V9). Here it is this God who, from the beginning, created all things…

ἐν τῷ θεῷ τῷ τὰ πάντα κτίσαντι (in God who created all things) “…through Jesus Christ…”

Trinitarians use this verse as “proof” Jesus was the co-creator with the Father in the genesis creation, because of this phrase! Firstly, we must no formulate doctrines and interpretations in isolation – but the weight of scripture should dictate. So far, both OT and NT points to God the Father alone as creator – what do we do with this?

The phrase “through Jesus Christ” in earlier manuscripts does not appear here. It is probable that it was added in later manuscripts as debate over the Trinity continued on. It may have been originally a marginal note that later was accidentally copied into a manuscript (see 1 John 5:7). Many scholars having done textual criticism and commentary on this verse showing that this phrase does not appear in earlier manuscripts. Early patristic (church fathers) writings, when quoting this verse, do not add this phrase.

Ephesians 2:8 – 10
κτισθέντες ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ ἐπὶ ἔργοις ἀγαθοῖς (created in Christ Jesus for good works)
God creates/brings into existence a new man (new nature, character, desires) in our lives (because we’re in Christ). This creative act is a spiritual one in the life of every believer – why? to live doing good works!

“…if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation (καινὴ κτίσις)…” – 2 Cor 5:17
“…that you put on the new man, which was created according to God (τὸν κατὰ θεὸν κτισθέντα)…” – Eph 4:24

Colossian 1:15 – 18
This is a supposed “proof-text” that Jesus pre-existed and was co-creator with the Father of the material world. It is not so. Contextually, Paul is speaking of Jesus; through His sacrifice (human being), God has granted us entrance into the kingdom. This is all about a present governmental reality and a future one.

creation (πάσης κτίσεως) – reference to the inhabitants of the world.

“…preach the gospel to every creature (πάσῃ τῇ κτίσει)…” – Mar 16:15

“…the gospel was preached to every creature (πάσῃ κτίσει) under heaven…” – Col 1:23

firstborn (πρωτότοκος) – reference to Jesus’ resurrection (Col 1:18)

“…the firstborn from the dead and the ruler of the kings of the earth…” – Rev 1:5

The “firstborn over all creation” has to do with Jesus’ resurrection and His appointment as the highest King over all the earth! The firstborn child was bestowed double inheritance and the greatest position in the family amongst his brethren! Note: Jesus is the 1st immortalized man, seated at the right hand of God, in charge of ruling over the new creation (see below)

“…i will make him my firstborn, the highest of the kings of the earth…” – Psa 89:27

ὅτι ἐν αὐτῷ ἐκτίσθη τὰ πάντα (for in Him all things were created)

In Christ, God has created all things? Which things? The genesis creation? No, for the context has to do with the kingdom! The “all things” referred to are the “thrones, dominions, principalities, powers” (royal status, kingly powers, rulers, authorities). By virtue of His resurrection, the present church government was formed, of which He is the head (v18). Some forms of “church” governments are: apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors and teachers…. (Eph 4:10 – 11). And of course, of the the coming kingdom, of which governmental positions have been created for believers, of which Jesus will be head…

“…when the Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have followed me will also sit on 12 thrones…” – Matt 19:28

“…and i saw thrones, and they sat on them and judgment was committed to them…” – Rev 20:4

Ephesians 1:20 – 22
Jesus Christ, the 1st immortalized human being, seated at His right hand, is now the supreme ruler of this present age, through the church and eschatologically in the age to come, when He establishes the kingdom of God on the earth; governmental positions of power have been created for the saints in that new age to come – Jesus though, ruling as supreme!

Conclusion
We see God the Father as the only Creator of the material universe (genesis creation). The doctrine of the trinity and the idea of co-creators does not exist in the bible. It would be good to listen to the words of scripture.

This listen to an audio recording of this presentation, click here.

2 Responses to “The Creator (Grk: ktistis)”

  1. on 13 Jun 2011 at 9:12 amCurt Schmitt

    Hi Steve.

    I have held to the belief in one God for many years. I also have viewed God as bringing about the creation through his son. Until a few weeks ago I had never heard a message or read anything different than creation through Jesus Christ. I see Jesus as having been given the authority to create in both the natural creation and then after his death and resurrection being the head of the new creation.

    The scriptures I have read that I have used to substanciate this are …
    Col 1:16 “By him were all things created ..”
    Eph 3:9 “God .. who from the beginning of the world .. created all things in Jesus Christ”
    Gen 1:26 “Let US make man in OUR image”
    I have viewed Prov 8 as referencing the creation as well.

    The verses in John’s gospel clearly state that Jesus pre-existed.
    John 17:5 “Glorify me with the glory that I had with you before the world was.”
    6:62 “What if you see the son ascend up where he was before”.
    3:13 “… the Son of man that came down from heaven”
    16:28 “I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world..”

    These are some of the verses have “created” my current understanding on this subject. I would welcome any comment or reference to material I might read.
    Thanks,
    Curt

  2. on 13 Jun 2011 at 10:50 amXavier

    Curt

    The verses in John’s gospel clearly state that Jesus pre-existed.

    The subject of John’s prologue is God’s word, called the logos and not Jesus.

    As for the Colossians; Ephesians texts I hope this study helps…

    http://inthenameofwhowhat.blogspot.com/2011/05/jesus-christ-creator-of-church.html

  

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