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I was looking at the Athanasian Creed recently and found myself asking if anyone could be saved if the doctrines in this creed are necessary for obtaining eternal life.  Even folks I know who affirm their belief in the trinity would hard pressed to say that they even understood what the tenets of this creed espouse.  Here are a few points that are made about the creed by R. C. Sproul as found at Christianity.com.

So here we are.  After a two year election season in the United States, it all comes down to today as millions across the US head to the polls to vote for their choice for President and Vice-President.  It has been a fascinating and historic campaign on all sides.  People on all sides have been passionate and interested like no other election in my lifetime.  So as the day begins, here are some thoughts:  

1 – No matter who wins, Christians should pray.

And this is eternal life, that they know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent. John 17:3 (ESV)

Recently there was a debate at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School.  This debate centered around the trinity and as the name of the school would suggest, both sides in this debate believe in the trinity.  The question was: Do relations of authority and submission exist eternally among the persons of the Godhead?

Theological/cosmological duality. If pantheism is a classic for of monism, the differentiation between the creator god and the created order is often seen as itself a sort of ‘dualism’. NT Wright, The New Testament and the People of God, pg. 253

The fundamental idea that God is not the same as the world needs to be spelled out. Pantheism says that ‘god’ is in all things, and all things are in part ‘god’. This is the belief behind Hinduism, Buddhism, various forms of paganism, and especially the “New Age” movement.However, none of these other religions state that the world is now evil. As we will see later, some of them deny that “evil” actually exists and is purely subjective. YHWH is not a part of the created world. We see this idea exhibited in apologetics also (cosmological argument). And, since the Scriptures portray YHWH as a positive moral agent in the world – he must be essentially different from the, now evil and fallen, world.

There are several categories of duality: (1)Theological/ontological, (2)Thelogical/cosmological, (3)Moral, (4)Eschatalogical, (5)Theological/moral, (6)Cosmological, (7)Anthropological, (8)Epistemological, (9)Sectarian, and (10)Psychological. When we say dualities, we mean two opposite sides. And these categories are fairly atomistic, but vary greatly in the areas they cover. I hope to go over each of these in the context of Judaism, and therefore, Christianity in an effort to show what dualities fit with Jesus. We will start with Theological/ontological.

Theological/ontological duality. The postulation of heavenly beings other than the one god, even if these being exist at his behest and to do his will. The New Testament and the People of God, NT Wright, pg. 253

What Does the Bible Mean by the Term “worship”?
by Carlos Jimenez (Xavier)

Jason D. BeDuhn, Truth in Translation: Accuracy and Bias in English Translations of the New Testament, University Press of America, 2003, pp. 41-49.

Ancient Mediterranean societies tended to be very hierarchical. It was a world where everyone knew their place in relation to countless superiors and inferiors. Those who neglected or forgot this stratification of rank would be readily reminded by those around. In the highest place stood God or the gods. Below that in the Roman Empire ranked the emperor, followed by senators, governors, and a very complex system of local officials, priests, and landowners. The very bottom was occupied by slaves who might be owned by the lowliest of peasants.

God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM” and He said, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.'”  God, furthermore, said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘The LORD, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you ‘ This is My name forever, and this is My memorial-name to all generations.”   Exodus 3:14 & 15 NASB

Heb 10:32 But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of afflictions;

Heb 10:33 Partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used.

Heb 10:34 For ye had compassion of me in my bonds, and took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, knowing in yourselves that ye have in heaven a better and an enduring substance.

In discussing the biblical doctrine of unitarianism (or simply put, that Yahweh alone is God), often people bring up, as evidence for Jesus’ deity, the fact that he forgave sins. No one, to my knowledge, has better expressed this argument than C.S. Lewis in his classic, Mere Christianity. Here is what he said:

C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity, (NY: HarperCollins, 2001; originally published by The MacMillan Company in 1952), pp. 51-52.

Gabriel the Arch AngelThough I’ve been swamped here lately and away from the blog (so much reading to catch up on now) and I still need to do some final tweaks to a piece on the Counter Missionary movement that I’ve been working on, I thought I’d write this week on what happened to me just the other day.

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