Category Archives: Class

Genesis 1 & Evolution

https://youtu.be/wZysp0JF3CA By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Will Barlow"] Genesis 1 and Evolution • Review of evolution • YEC and evolution • OEC and evolution • Non-literal views and evolution Review of evolution Misconception #1: “It’s just a theory!” Misconception #2: It means to explain how life began Misconception #3: Evolution says that humans evolved from apes Misconception #4:…
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Biochemistry & Evolution

https://youtu.be/HDi6QRlyfSE By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Will Barlow"] Biochemistry and Evolution • Common misconceptions with evolution • General framework of evolution • Modern evolutionary theory Common misconceptions with evolution Misconception #1: “It’s just a theory!” • Often, opponents of evolution will state that it is a theory (and use that term pejoratively) • However, evolution does account for…
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Fine-Tuning

https://youtu.be/oQYtxleTue0 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Will Barlow"] What is fine-tuning? Fine-tuning is the idea that the existence of life on Earth is due to remarkably precise “settings” in the natural world. • Example: baking a cake vs. baking a “fine-tuned” cake • Example: Finding a watch in a forest Fine-tuning in Scripture Romans 1:20   For his invisible…
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Genesis 1 & the Big Bang

https://youtu.be/yonfcv5mf6I By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Will Barlow"] The Big Bang In basic terms, what does the Big Bang theory say? • The Universe began approximately 13.7 billion years ago • Space and matter have been expanding and cooling since then What is the current state of the Big Bang? • We will never be able to travel…
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Physics & Astronomy

https://youtu.be/iiRc2q_RFX4 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Will Barlow"] Overview of Modern Physics • Light • General Relativity • Quantum Mechanics • The Big Bang Light • Perhaps the most interesting and necessary to support life • Comes in many forms • Can act as a wave or a particle (unique!) • Light can act like a wave (ex:…
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Reading Genesis 1: Part 3

https://youtu.be/hJvy6Vm6ToE By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Will Barlow"] Many views of Genesis 1 Perhaps the easiest way to divide them is: • Young-earth views • Old-earth views • Views compatible with either Old-Earth Views • “Day-Age” and modified “Day-Age”— Hugh Ross, Gerald Schroeder • “Theistic Evolution” — Francis Collins • Gap and modified gap — Scofield Bible •…
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Reading Genesis 1: Part 2

https://youtu.be/p2y2H1PrJ34 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Will Barlow"] What have we seen so far? • Genesis was written to a group of ancient people coming out of slavery • The questions that they were asking of the text are different than the questions that we ask Many views of Genesis 1 Perhaps the easiest way to divide them…
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Reading Genesis 1: Part 1

https://youtu.be/_9xyFXqh5xw By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Will Barlow"] What have we seen so far? Genesis was written to a group of ancient people coming out of slavery The questions that they were asking of the text are different than the questions that we ask How can we read Genesis 1? Does Genesis 1 begin with a continuous narrative…
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Background on Genesis 1

https://youtu.be/s6BJBuavTnE By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Will Barlow"] What is our assumption about the Bible? “The Bible teaches us how to go to heaven, not how the heavens go.” — Galileo Background to Genesis Who wrote Genesis? Some say that it was a mixture of writers over a longer span of time I believe that Moses wrote Genesis…
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What Is a Belief System?

https://youtu.be/5WwypAP39Hw By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Will Barlow"] About Will Barlow: Interested in faith/science discourse since childhood Bachelor’s degree in Physics/Mathematics Master’s degree in Secondary Education (STEM focus) Published God & Science book in late 2016 Future head pastor of Compass Christian Church Goals for this class: Learn about different ways to interpret Genesis 1 Learn about current…
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Spiritual Warfare

https://youtu.be/tKKOZea4X64 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] Intrinsic to our adversary’s methodology is secrecy and deception, which is why we are tempted to combat with our own abilities. However, we are constantly reminded throughout the Scriptures that our strength is in the Lord Jesus Christ. Ephesians 6:10   Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength…
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Victory in Jesus Christ

https://youtu.be/uFaAHKHVtcY By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] 1 Peter 3:22   who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, after angels and authorities and powers had been subjected to Him Jesus in his earthy ministry had complete authority over demons. How much more so after he ascended? Jesus is seated at the right hand…
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Unseen Evil Realm

https://youtu.be/IRlGdHcpoVw By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] Very early in the Scriptures, in Genesis 3, we are informed about the devil.  Genesis 3:1   Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the LORD [Yahweh] God had made. And he said to the woman, "Indeed, has God said, 'You shall not eat from…
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Faith & Doubt Part One

https://youtu.be/2oDTJDhxjQk By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] Matthew 17:14-20 - Mustard seed is the smallest object that the disciples would have known about. Christ was not emphasizing that someone needed great faith, rather a very small amount of faith. Matthew 8:13; 9:2, 22, 28, 29; 15:28   All of the thousands Jesus healed had one thing in common…
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Our Supernatural Lord Part One

https://youtu.be/Gp2DBK4RBuU By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] To focus on Jesus, we must study his supernatural ministry and do so with two views in mind ─ 1. to receive supernatural help and 2. to give supernatural help to others. Isaiah 53:4 and 5 Surely our griefs [sickness] Jesus Himself bore, and our sorrows [pains] Jesus carried; Yet…
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Focus on Jesus

https://youtu.be/TZNmFCaK6jk By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] Luke 4:18-19 - Jesus quoted Isaiah 61:1-3. This verse explains how Jesus was able to walk in the supernatural realm and how we can imitate him. He believed what God said about him (Romans 10:17) God’s spirit empowered and led him. John 5:19, 20, 30; 8:28 - When we look…
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Jesus’ Ministry

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZGjVqvNiltA By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] TO PREACH THE GOSPEL TO THE POOR “Poor” is often referring to those who are humble and meek to receive, spiritual helplessness. Matthew 5:3 - poor in spirit Matthew 4:23; 9:35   Jesus preached and taught HE HAS SENT ME: TO PROCLAIM RELEASE TO THE CAPTIVES  Colossians 2:8 - wrong doctrine,…
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God’s Plan of Redemption

https://youtu.be/zGByxG0Yz1s By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] Isaiah 53 is the great chapter in the OT that foretells God’s plan of redemption and salvation through Jesus Christ. God’s plan for humanity’s redemption through Jesus Christ is foretold. The subject begins in the preceding chapter. SERVANT SONGS OR PSALMS IN ISAIAH ─ 42:1-7; 49:1-7; 50:4-10; 52:13-53:12, and some…
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Expect the Supernatural

https://youtu.be/xRtmiFEqwi8 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] We want to eliminate the tainted filters based upon presumptions, religious traditions, and rationalism. Presumption is holding ideas that something is true without biblical support. Rationalism is truth based upon human reason and knowledge rather than God’s immutable Word. The world view is: “If I see it, I will believe…
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Unseen Spiritual Realm Part One

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=575v7NLB0PE By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] Behind The Scenes Living in our modern world, we hold tainted filters based upon presumptions, religious traditions, and rationalism that cloud our vision. Presumptions are notions or concepts taken as truth and often used as the basis for other ideas, although they are not known for certain to be true.…
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Jesus, God’s Subordinate Son

https://youtu.be/Bdqwzpo_Eg0 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] The bible routinely recognizes the subordination of the Son to his Father. Throughout his ministry on earth, Jesus repeatedly and unapologetically taught, "The Father is greater than I" (John 14.28). Further, after his exaltation, Jesus remains dependent on the Father as his superior (1 Cor 11.3). Then, even once the…
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One God in the Fourth Century

https://youtu.be/OZeMX_Ni6O0 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] In the early fourth century Alexander, Athanasius, and others began teaching the Father and Son are coeternal and coequal. Arius, Eusebius, and others rejected the Son’s eternity because he was begotten and thus had a beginning. In 325, Constantine called the council of Nicea, which produced a new creed saying…
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One God in Early Church History

https://youtu.be/Or5KAXkc6Jc By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] In the first three centuries, Christians held a variety of christologies, including subordinationist and egalitarian. The only egalitarian theory prior to the fourth century was modalism—the Son just is the Father (held by Sabellius and others). Nearly all Christians held to one of three subordination christologies. The Gnostic approach saw…
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Spirit of God & Christ

https://youtu.be/zWrN8EX8lLs By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] Throughout the majority of the Scriptures, God’s spirit simply refers to God’s presence or activity. God’s spirit is how he can be present (immanent) even while he is in heaven (transcendent). We looked at 5 reasons why the spirit cannot be an independent person from the Father, including not having…
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Christ’s Exaltation & Priestly Service

https://youtu.be/kdKv52WkI5Q By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] God exalted Jesus to his right hand above other heavenly authorities and powers. To be at someone’s right hand is NOT a position of equal authority. Colossians 1:15-20 poetically describes how God initiated a new created order in, through, and for Christ who is the firstborn, the beginning, and the…
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Christ’s Crucifixion & Resurrection

https://youtu.be/2VKGow9UMUI By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] God has the properties of aseity, immortality, and imperishability. Jesus depended on God during his time on earth and still depends on him even now in heaven. Jesus died, thus he is not immortal. Claiming that only impersonal human nature died cheapens our Lord’s sacrifice. What makes Christ’s death for…
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Jesus Called God?

Does the bible call Jesus God? If so, how many times? This seems like such a straightforward question, but it's pretty hard to answer. We'll examine three types of texts in which Jesus might be called God, including those with manuscript issues, translation issues, and interpretation issues. In each case we'll see that, in fact,…
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Jesus, God’s Agent

https://youtu.be/LKT42qHiJu8 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] God works through agents whether messengers or deputies. When messengers speak for God, they speak as if they are God, because they are his agents. God's original intention for making humanity in his image was that we would rule over the world for him. God's representatives include his divine counsel,…
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Jesus, God’s Messiah

https://youtu.be/tQbyTyKpuJc By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] Jesus is the Messiah. A messiah is someone anointed by God to rule over the world and usher in the messianic age. Messiah is interchangeable with “king of the Jews,” “son of David,” and “son of God.” Son of God has two meanings: (1) a synonym for messiah and (2)…
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Yahweh, the God of Jesus

https://youtu.be/grx1Uq-m_Vg By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] Jesus and the Jewish scribe agreed that the Shema defines who God is (Mark 12:29-30). The word echad means “one” not “compound unity”. The scribe interpreted “The LORD is one” to mean “he is one, and there is no other besides him” (Mark 12:32). Jesus denied that was good in…
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Yahweh Versus the Idols

https://youtu.be/LqrdJfeL_zo By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] Israel could not shake her addiction to idolatry during the period of the judges and the kings (roughly seven centuries). God repeatedly sent prophets to call Israel to forsake idolatry and worship Yahweh alone. Eventually God decided to use the Babylonian empire to punish his people for their infidelity, carrying…
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Yahweh Our God, Yahweh Is One

https://youtu.be/heWcstW7oeI By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] Yahweh revealed himself to Israel at Mount Sinai and audibly spoke the ten commandments. His first words were that he is Yahweh their God and that they should have no other gods before him. The first generation failed miserably to worship only Yahweh without idolatry as the golden calf incident…
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Yahweh the Supreme Creator

https://youtu.be/tSO106waGnA By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] The God of the Bible is the supreme creator of our ordered world. He is utterly unrivaled in his role as God over all. His name is Yahweh, which implies that he is the existing one, the one who always is. Thousands of times the Bible employs singular pronouns for…
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Foreshadowing

https://youtu.be/O8U-3oS0Xyg By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] Galatians 3:24   ESV - guardian; KJV – schoolmaster; NAU - tutor. The Law served as a pedagogue until Christ. The synagogue was a place to teach; while a tutor or pedagogue was a guardian and guide of boys. Among the Greeks and the Romans, the name was applied to trustworthy…
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New Testament Use of the Old Testament

https://youtu.be/fF9mUqWYV_I By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] One of the important features of the NT is that it contains a number of quotations from passages in the OT. In order to appreciate this aspect of the NT scriptures, we need to understand the ways that the NT uses OT scriptures and how they fit into the message…
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Narrative Expositions

https://youtu.be/1IqsykF5x6E By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] The Scripture uses narration when conveying the details of a biblical account.   Dialogue can be seen when two or more characters are having a conversation.  In English, dialogue is enclosed in quotation marks. Narrative exposition is the insertion of background information within a story or narrative. This information can be about the…
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Scripture Build Up Acts/Epistles

https://youtu.be/yjrbSbW9Hjw By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] The records of the Christian church beginning in the Book of Acts dovetail with the NT letters that were written during that time period. We can gain much helpful background information and understanding by reading the historical records in Acts along with the NT letters. Paul’s First Missionary Journey Begun…
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Scripture Build Up Gospels Part Two

https://youtu.be/1HO4VL0VSuY By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] The Gospels share a common subject -- Jesus -- but present his life and ministry in four different portraits. Reading more than one Gospel can provide additional information about parts of Jesus' life and teachings from a different perspective or to highlight or emphasize certain things unique to a Gospel…
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Scripture Build Up Gospels Part One

https://youtu.be/4yU6s62VytY By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] Mount of Transfiguration Matthew 16:28 is a verse that has been misunderstood due to a failure to acknowledge the context of what comes before and after. The theology called “preterist” is rooted in this verse and others like it. A preterist is one who believes that the prophecies about the…
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Scripture Build Up Old Testament

https://youtu.be/SUS5KMdyTpY By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] READ WHAT IS WRITTEN, AND AVOID READING INTO WHAT IS WRITTEN. FOCUS ON WHAT IS WRITTEN, NOT ON THAT WHICH IS NOT WRITTEN. Scripture build up - As we study the Bible, it is appropriate to look at other Scriptures that relate to the same subject. Full comprehension of a…
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Figurative Language

https://youtu.be/ylUlP0kdzRg By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] As literature, the Bible contains writing styles and conventions that are common in most languages. One of those conventions is the use of figurative language, which makes the words in the Bible more diverse, expressive, and impactful. Figure of speech – “A figure of speech is a word or phrase…
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New Testament Context

https://youtu.be/kPYq7jTaslc By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] Context is required in order to properly understand a verse in the Bible, and there are several factors involved in determining the context. This session will focus on understanding context in the New Testament from both the Gospels and Epistles. Context — “the parts of a written or spoken statement…
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Old Testament Context

https://youtu.be/7kmY7BKbtrY By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] Numbers 22:1   Moab is a descendent of Lot and his daughter.   Genesis 19:36-38 Numbers 22:2   The defeat of the Amorites is recorded in Numbers 21. 6   Balak believed that there was no military means available to withstand the forces of Israel, so he sought to battle with pagan divination. He…
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The Importance of Genre

https://youtu.be/vjwWcG8GFoM By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] The Bible is filled with various types of literature called genre. Understanding the genre for the particular part of the Bible you are reading is very important so that you recognize specific characteristics and have the right approach to reading it. “There is a…sense in which the Bible, since it…
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Who, When, and Where

  https://youtu.be/RHgegF6Yhj0 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] The use of brackets in the New Testament and important markers to acknowledge while studying the Scriptures. BRACKETS John 7:53-8:11   The footnote from the ESV and NASB states: “Later mss add the story of the adulterous woman, numbering it as John 7:53-8:11 The website is codexsiniaticus.org. This website is very…
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Defining Words

https://youtu.be/7-OSxn_GRxA By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] 1 Thessalonians 2:13; Acts 17:11   Receive the Word with great eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily WORD STUDIES 2 Timothy 2:14-15   Focusing on a word while ignoring the context can be misleading. We do not want to determine our doctrine based upon word studies, rather on the overall scope of the…
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Additions to Text

https://youtu.be/2ZcWDlgIYKc By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="John Cortright"] 2 Timothy 3:16 All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; All Scripture is inspired by God.  The words “inspired by God” come from one Greek word–θεόπνευστος (theopneustos or “God-breathed”).  That which originally came from God was inspired by God. …
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Integrity of Scriptures

https://youtu.be/reEfz4kRH8Q By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="John Cortright"] The Scriptures did not come by human will. Men moved by the holy spirit spoke for God. These original authorized writings, written in Hebrew (OT) and Greek (NT), have been transmitted and translated to us with great fidelity. We can have confidence in the integrity of the Scriptures. 2 Peter…
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Correct Mindset

https://youtu.be/phGrEWItOJk By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Vince Finnegan"] SEEK AND YOU WILL FIND Deuteronomy 4:29; 2 Chronicles 15:2, 4, and 15; Matthew 7:7-11.   If you seek Him, He will let you find Him. The whole reason for the Scriptures is so you can know and love your God. He wants you to know, but you must seek Him.…
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The End Times

https://youtu.be/I5HKx7zXxOc By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] What we have presented so far throughout this class focused on historical events such as the covenants God made and their significance. In this session, we will look at the future and see what things are yet to come from a New Covenant Theology perspective. “Eschatology” — from Greek eschatos…
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New Covenant Identity Markers

https://youtu.be/EgNj3wA1Rek By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] Today we’ll explore three major identifiers that distinguish new covenant Christians: (1) conversion (2) lord’s supper, and (3) the indwelling of the holy spirit.  The new covenant community differs from the old in that it is not a mixed group of believers and unbelievers, but a wholly regenerated people (Jer…
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Old Covenant Identity Markers

https://youtu.be/-B9YAqwVB-g By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] God commanded that his covenant people be identified by certain unique rituals, activities, behaviors, and characteristics. These are often referred to as “boundary markers.” They identify or ‘mark’ someone as being in the covenant. In order to be considered a covenant member, a person must exhibit the covenant boundary markers,…
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The Land Promise

https://youtu.be/JWyQmH-iKxc By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] After looking God’s promises to Abraham and Sarah to inherit the land, we’ll dig into how the New Testament amplifies the land promise in light of what Christ has accomplished.  In the end, all of those with faith like Abraham (both Jews and Gentiles) will inherit the world (not just…
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Israel & the Church in Romans 9-11 (Part 2)

https://youtu.be/BpV2jNfGgvI By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] With the new covenant in Christ, God's promises to Abraham are being fulfilled as a result of the inclusion of the Gentiles with Israel as God's covenant people. But this then raises the question, "What about God's promises to Israel?" In this session, we are going to continue examining Romans…
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Israel & the Church in Romans 9-11 (Part 1)

https://youtu.be/n9EIM6gmTsg By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] With the new covenant in Christ, God's promises to Abraham are being fulfilled as a result of the inclusion of the Gentiles with Israel as God's covenant people. But this then raises the question, "What about God's promises to Israel?" In this session and the following, we are going to…
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Christ’s Death Inaugurates the New Covenant

https://youtu.be/NxUl5CWZMYg By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] Jesus kept the old covenant perfectly even while exemplifying and teaching his disciples how to live out the new covenant.  However, when he died, he inaugurated the new covenant with his blood.  Not only did his sacrifice atone for sins committed under the old system, but it also brought it…
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Jesus: New Covenant Exemplar and Teacher

https://youtu.be/aV9pr3ImBSQ By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] Even while keeping the old covenant, Jesus also exemplified and taught his disciples how to live out the new covenant.  Just like Moses before him, Jesus explained the covenant requirements prior to ratifying the covenant with a blood sacrifice.  Following Christ’s example means embracing the future kingdom culture as a…
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Jesus: Faithful Israelite Under the Old Covenant

https://youtu.be/0EsvfhnN768 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] Jesus: Faithful Israelite under the Old Covenant Jesus the Messiah was born into a Jewish family and grew up learning and following Torah (the Law). He lived a faithful life of righteousness, obeying all the commandments of God and fulfilling the old covenant obligations as the model Israelite among God's…
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New Covenant Prophecies

https://youtu.be/OSgHvXMkCSw By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] In the midst of a failed covenant with Israel, God promises hope for His people through a new covenant that He will make. This new covenant will not be like the old covenant. Rather, it will accomplish the plan and purposes of God and fulfill all the previous covenant promises…
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Davidic Covenant

https://youtu.be/tr109DvywKM By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] God promised David that his dynasty and throne would endure forever.  Nevertheless, after approximately four centuries of rule, God ejected his people from the land, ending the reign of Davidic kings.  Does this mean God’s promise to David has failed?  Surely, our covenant-making God will fulfill what He said. 1.…
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Old Covenant Part 2

https://youtu.be/CwFn9TPbM2I By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] We pick up where we left off last time and cover the rest of the old covenant, stepping back to view it from a broad perspective.  In this session we’ll provide answers to the following: What is the old covenant as a whole? What is at the core of the…
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Old Covenant Part 1

https://youtu.be/LRa_cFOUUF8 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] This session will cover the deliverance and rescue of Israel from slavery in Egypt and God's covenant with them at Mount Sinai. We will look at the purpose for which the Old Covenant was made, the ceremony of the covenant, and how it functions in God's redemptive plan as the…
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Abrahamic Covenant

https://youtu.be/CLK8wsc7fNE By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] One of the most critical events in the biblical narrative is God's covenant with Abraham. In this session, you will see how this covenant functions on a fundamental level in God's redemptive plan and purposes for the whole world. The Plot Story Thus Far (Adam → Noah → Abraham) Each…
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Creation Covenant

https://youtu.be/pTJHoeVU0Bo By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] As we begin part two of our class, we will consider God’s covenant with creation and the roles Adam and Noah play.  God’s commitment to the created order shows us his original intention as well as providing the foundation stone upon which he will build all subsequent covenants. Covenants Two…
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Defining New Covenant Theology

https://youtu.be/skBLs8vVBq8 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] New Covenant Theology is a mediating position between dispensational and covenant theologies. This session will be focusing on defining Progressive Covenantalism, which is a form of New Covenant Theology, and how it seeks to answer difficult questions better than alternative theological frameworks. Covenantalism — a system of thought used to…
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Evaluating Covenant Theology

https://youtu.be/VeErvtv6fn8 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] Last time you learned what covenant theology is, today you’ll see the benefits of the system, as well as some of the problems with it. Abbreviations: OT: Old Testament NT: New Testament CT: Covenant Theology Vocabulary: eschatology: the doctrine of the end times Benefits Clean logical system Recognizes continuity throughout…
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Defining Covenantalism

https://youtu.be/iQAuPt5DwCo By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] The second major type of biblical framework to be discussed is Covenantalism. This session of the class lays out this theological system including its major tenets, organizing principles, and unique features, and also how it is used as a hermeneutic for interpreting Scripture. Defining Covenantalism Covenantalism—“A system of thought used…
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Evaluating Dispensationalism

https://youtu.be/573203ogq-Q By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] Evaluating Dispensationalism Last time you learned what dispensationalism is, today you’ll see the benefits of the system, as well as some of the problems with the three major types. Abbreviations: OT: Old Testament NT: New Testament CD: Classic Dispensationalism RD: Revised Dispensationalism PD: Progressive Dispensationalism Vocabulary: hermeneutic: an interpretive strategy…
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Defining Dispensationalism

https://youtu.be/1PB16F2lACI By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Jerry Wierwille"] The first part of this class that covers biblical frameworks, begins by giving an overview of Dispensationalism that includes an explanation of the principles, structure, and unique features of this biblical framework and how it operates as a hermeneutic for interpreting the story of Scripture. Dispensationalism — “Dispensationalism is a…
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Introducing Biblical Frameworks

https://youtu.be/io9bVOvPRS4 By [wbt_preacher_link preacher="Sean Finnegan"] In this session, you'll learn the objectives for this class. You'll also see how the three major parts of this class fit together, including (1) biblical frameworks, (2) biblical covenants, and (3) new covenant theology. Introducing Biblical Frameworks Objectives to make sense of the Bible overall to understand how God…
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Conclusion

https://youtu.be/vEE8f3bkf7g by Sean Finnegan For more information visit lhim.org
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Be Subject to Governing Authorities Romans 13:1-6

https://youtu.be/-vBq41CcIXY by John Cortright Romans 13:1-6 Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities. God is sovereign over the nations of the world.  He can cause governments to rise or fall. This can be seen throughout Scripture. Genesis 14:13-24 – God delivered Abraham defeating King Chedorlaomer and the kings of the east.…
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Serve the Lord

https://youtu.be/Nw8taqH2h9Q by John Cortright Romans 12:11 not lagging behind in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord; 1. not lagging behind in diligence 2. fervent in spirit 3. serve the Lord Not lagging behind in diligence “Not lagging behind” = “Do not be slothful” (ESV), “not procrastinating” (NEV). This word is translated as “lazy” in…
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Function in the Body of Christ

https://youtu.be/tIDuTZjyu80 by John Cortright We are one body with many members. We do not all have the same function. Romans 12:4-6 I Corinthians 12:12-27 We have gifts that differ according to the grace given to us. Romans 12:7-8 Hebrews 2:4 I Peter 4:10-11 DO IT! Colossians 1:24 – Do your share! Matthew 8:5-10 Luke 17:5-10
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Recommended Bible Translations (Which Bible Is Best?)

https://youtu.be/pXElg3YZ7ME by Sean Finnegan Today after a quick review and an appeal to learn the biblical languages, I’ll recommend a number of Bible translations.  Although I’m hesitant to do this, so many have written in asking for it that I would be negligent to avoid making some recommendations in this last episode.  Additionally, we’ll cover…
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Spirit Who or Which? (Translating the Holy Spirit)

https://youtu.be/m4FSF-50_Xw by Sean Finnegan This is our fifth and final example of bias in translation. After this episode, we'll have one more to conclude our class on How We Got the Bible.  Today our focus is God's spirit.  Should it have an uppercase 'S' or a lowercase 's?'  Should pronouns referring back to spirit be…
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Did Jesus Claim to Be “The Great I AM” in John 8:58?

https://youtu.be/jzheOdj0cFg by Sean Finnegan Did Jesus claim to be "The Great I AM" in John 8.58?  If not, what was he saying?  In this episode we examine the alleged parallel passage in Exodus where God reveals his name to Moses at the burning bush.  Next, we'll explore texts with the same Greek construction that Jesus…
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Firstborn Of or Firstborn Over

https://youtu.be/yo77X7P3rMg by Sean Finnegan Colossians 1.15 presents an interesting test case to examine translation bias.  Well meaning Bible students have taken this text in at least three different ways.  However, some translations, motivated by a fear that readers might see Christ as a member of creation, have increasingly pushed for seeing this text as proof…
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Bow or Worship?

https://youtu.be/UdflgOON-g4 by Sean Finnegan How should translators render the word προκσυνέω (proskuneo) into English? Since this word has a range of meanings from bowing as a sign of respect to worshiping God, translators sometimes decide what English words to use based more on their theological presuppositions than the grammar or textual context. For example, some…
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God’s Form or God’s Nature

https://youtu.be/r5VvpQaKlas by Sean Finnegan This is our first of five examples of bias in translation. Today we’ll examine Philippians 2.6-7, specifically focusing on how translators render two important words (ἁρπαγμός harpagmon and μορφή morphe). We’ll see how a couple of the most popular evangelical versions break free from the underlying Greek syntax in order to…
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Bias in Bible Translations

https://youtu.be/HEJohVFKxWg by Sean Finnegan Last time we evaluated two popular single-translator Bibles: the Message and the Passion Translation.  This time, we're switching gears to consider committee-based versions.  I want to shine a spotlight on the whole subject of bias in translation in an effort to point out what often goes unnoticed.  We'll consider both the…
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Evaluating the Message Bible and the Passion Translation

https://youtu.be/JZ1Gk7or_XY by Sean Finnegan Last time we looked at the King James version which is one of the strictest formal equivalence Bibles every made.  This time we are going to analyze two Bibles on the other end of the spectrum: the Message Bible and the Passion Translation.  These two versions share a number of characteristics…
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Evaluating the King James Version

https://youtu.be/nCaANNXT0Ps by Sean Finnegan What do you know about the King James Version?  Is it an accurate translation?  Does it have flaws?  Should you use it as a measuring stick for other translations?  In today's episode, we'll cover the making of the KJV of the Bible, going back to William Tyndale's courageous work before delving…
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Gender in Bible Translation

https://youtu.be/6bZugfhX0TQ by Sean Finnegan Did you know that controversies surrounding how to translate gender in the Bible had a major impact on Bible translation over the last 30 years?  In this episode we'll briefly overview various feminist movements before examining the NRSV, which proved to be a forerunner for gender inclusive Bible translations.  Next we'll…
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Bible Translation Default Decisions

https://youtu.be/HPKVeNFEvnQ by Sean Finnegan This time, we need to take a look at five major default decisions translation teams make at the outset. 1. Units of Measurement and Currency 2. Hebrew Idioms 3. English Vocabulary 4. Editorial Enhancements 5. God's Name By becoming familiar with these five topics, you'll be able to better assess English…
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Bible Translation Philosophies

https://youtu.be/OTalda3J_eQ by Sean Finnegan As it turns out, English Bible translators divide into two broad styles of translation: formal equivalence and dynamic equivalence.  In this episode we’ll explore these two translation philosophies and the trade offs each makes in order to produce English Bibles. For more information visit lhim.org
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Two Uncorrected Corruptions

https://youtu.be/sdWcvrXtmi4 by Sean Finnegan Last time we covered two corrected corruptions (1 Timothy 3.16 and 1 John 5.7).  This time we'll consider two uncorrected corruptions, including the long ending on Mark (16.9-20) and the passage about the adulterous woman that Jesus saves (John 7.53-8.11).  Although these two texts are not found in the earliest and…
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Two Corrected Corruptions

https://youtu.be/X3AksNPFVCY by Sean Finnegan Today we move from learning about manuscripts and textual criticism to actually doing textual criticism.  I've chosen two well-known corruptions to illustrate the process of textual criticism: 1 Timothy 3.16 and 1 John 5.7.  In each of these cases scribes have altered the text of scripture and we have the manuscript…
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New Testament Textual Criticism

https://youtu.be/N1er5hDQAi0 by Sean Finnegan Last time we surveyed five hundred years of New Testament textual criticism.  Today we address the process by which these scholars have done and continue to do their work.  We'll see how they weigh internal and external evidence.  We'll cover reasoned eclecticism (Bruce Metzger), the refined documentary approach (Philip Comfort), and…
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Reconstructing the New Testament

https://youtu.be/gb0_2GeKTwI by Sean Finnegan Before we can understand how textual scholars do their work today, it's important to understand the history of how they have endeavored to reconstruct the Greek New Testament over the years.  In this episode you'll learn about the rich and important history of how our understanding of the Greek New Testament…
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Other New Testament Manuscripts

https://youtu.be/5v-PAT6dwe0 by Sean Finnegan We've been working our way through the various sources for our Greek New Testament.  We've looked at the papyri and the uncials, but there is so much more to consider.  In fact, the New Testament papyri and uncials combined make up less than 2% of our manuscripts.  Today, we'll consider the…
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Greek New Testament Uncials

https://youtu.be/Le2LuNJL8Dk by Sean Finnegan Today we are moving into our second group of New Testament manuscripts--the uncials.  However, before describing them, we'll need to focus on how Christian scribes went about their work.  As it turns out the situation is quite different than the Jewish scribes who preserved the Hebrew Bible.  Then we'll follow the…
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Greek New Testament Papyri

https://youtu.be/dWugeANgmR8 by Sean Finnegan Today we are shifting gears from the Old Testament to the New Testament, from Hebrew manuscripts to Greek ones.  We'll begin with the earliest evidence for the Greek New Testament, the papyri.  Made from the papyrus plant, approximately 130 of these manuscripts survive today in museums around the world.  In this…
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Jewish Bible Translations

https://youtu.be/GsWOaIgcKdQ by Sean Finnegan Today we are going to take a brief break from manuscripts and dip our toes into the pool of Bible translations.  Specifically, we'll take a look at six of the most prominent Jewish translations of the Hebrew Bible, including: Jewish Publication Society (1917) Koren Jerusalem Bible (1961) New Jewish Publication Society…
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Determining the Best Hebrew Reading

https://youtu.be/7Sg4zmH0cuo by Sean Finnegan For our Hebrew Bibles we have three main groups of manuscripts to compare: the Masoretic Text group, the Samaritan Pentateuch group, and the Septuagint group.  Each of these groups contain many manuscripts with the Masoretic Text group containing the most.  In this episode of How We Got the Bible, we're going…
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Samaritan Pentateuch and Ancient Translations

https://youtu.be/OXN5y30VsdE by Sean Finnegan In this class, "How We Got the Bible," we're continuing on in our quest to understand the sources for the Hebrew Bible.  We've already covered the Masoretic Text and the Dead Sea Scrolls, but we have one last important Hebrew source to look at before surveying several significant ancient translations.  As…
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Earliest Hebrew Manuscripts

https://youtu.be/p6KEcc2Rm5k by Sean Finnegan Last time we looked at the Hebrew manuscripts known as the Masoretic Texts from the middle ages. Today, we’ll focus on the earliest Hebrew manuscripts ever found, including those at the Cairo Genizah, the Ein-Gedi Scroll, the Nash Papyrus, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Ketef Hinnom Silver Scroll. This is…
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The Masoretic Text

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1E_9mmCXbMM&feature=youtu.be by Sean Finnegan This class covers the transmission of manuscripts as well as the translation process so you understand where Bibles come from. This episode focuses on the manuscripts that underlie the Masoretic Text. You’ll learn about the Aleppo Codex: probably the most accurate Masoretic Text on the planet. We’ll cover the Leningrad Codex…
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How We Got the Bible

https://youtu.be/Xe3sqndBhN0 Are you curious how we get our English Bibles? Have you ever wondered about the manuscripts and the translation process? Join Sean Finnegan as he leads you through a journey of discovery to understand where we get our Bibles from?
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