Category Archives: Class

Conclusion

https://youtu.be/vEE8f3bkf7g by Sean Finnegan For more information visit lhim.org
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Be Subject to Governing Authorities Romans 13:1-6

https://youtu.be/-vBq41CcIXY by John Cortright Romans 13:1-6 Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities. God is sovereign over the nations of the world.  He can cause governments to rise or fall. This can be seen throughout Scripture. Genesis 14:13-24 – God delivered Abraham defeating King Chedorlaomer and the kings of the east.…
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Serve the Lord

https://youtu.be/Nw8taqH2h9Q by John Cortright Romans 12:11 not lagging behind in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord; 1. not lagging behind in diligence 2. fervent in spirit 3. serve the Lord Not lagging behind in diligence “Not lagging behind” = “Do not be slothful” (ESV), “not procrastinating” (NEV). This word is translated as “lazy” in…
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Function in the Body of Christ

https://youtu.be/tIDuTZjyu80 by John Cortright We are one body with many members. We do not all have the same function. Romans 12:4-6 I Corinthians 12:12-27 We have gifts that differ according to the grace given to us. Romans 12:7-8 Hebrews 2:4 I Peter 4:10-11 DO IT! Colossians 1:24 – Do your share! Matthew 8:5-10 Luke 17:5-10
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Recommended Bible Translations (Which Bible Is Best?)

https://youtu.be/pXElg3YZ7ME by Sean Finnegan Today after a quick review and an appeal to learn the biblical languages, I’ll recommend a number of Bible translations.  Although I’m hesitant to do this, so many have written in asking for it that I would be negligent to avoid making some recommendations in this last episode.  Additionally, we’ll cover…
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Spirit Who or Which? (Translating the Holy Spirit)

https://youtu.be/m4FSF-50_Xw by Sean Finnegan This is our fifth and final example of bias in translation. After this episode, we'll have one more to conclude our class on How We Got the Bible.  Today our focus is God's spirit.  Should it have an uppercase 'S' or a lowercase 's?'  Should pronouns referring back to spirit be…
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Did Jesus Claim to Be “The Great I AM” in John 8:58?

https://youtu.be/jzheOdj0cFg by Sean Finnegan Did Jesus claim to be "The Great I AM" in John 8.58?  If not, what was he saying?  In this episode we examine the alleged parallel passage in Exodus where God reveals his name to Moses at the burning bush.  Next, we'll explore texts with the same Greek construction that Jesus…
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Firstborn Of or Firstborn Over

https://youtu.be/yo77X7P3rMg by Sean Finnegan Colossians 1.15 presents an interesting test case to examine translation bias.  Well meaning Bible students have taken this text in at least three different ways.  However, some translations, motivated by a fear that readers might see Christ as a member of creation, have increasingly pushed for seeing this text as proof…
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Bow or Worship?

https://youtu.be/UdflgOON-g4 by Sean Finnegan How should translators render the word προκσυνέω (proskuneo) into English? Since this word has a range of meanings from bowing as a sign of respect to worshiping God, translators sometimes decide what English words to use based more on their theological presuppositions than the grammar or textual context. For example, some…
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God’s Form or God’s Nature

https://youtu.be/r5VvpQaKlas by Sean Finnegan This is our first of five examples of bias in translation. Today we’ll examine Philippians 2.6-7, specifically focusing on how translators render two important words (ἁρπαγμός harpagmon and μορφή morphe). We’ll see how a couple of the most popular evangelical versions break free from the underlying Greek syntax in order to…
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Bias in Bible Translations

https://youtu.be/HEJohVFKxWg by Sean Finnegan Last time we evaluated two popular single-translator Bibles: the Message and the Passion Translation.  This time, we're switching gears to consider committee-based versions.  I want to shine a spotlight on the whole subject of bias in translation in an effort to point out what often goes unnoticed.  We'll consider both the…
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Evaluating the Message Bible and the Passion Translation

https://youtu.be/JZ1Gk7or_XY by Sean Finnegan Last time we looked at the King James version which is one of the strictest formal equivalence Bibles every made.  This time we are going to analyze two Bibles on the other end of the spectrum: the Message Bible and the Passion Translation.  These two versions share a number of characteristics…
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Evaluating the King James Version

https://youtu.be/nCaANNXT0Ps by Sean Finnegan What do you know about the King James Version?  Is it an accurate translation?  Does it have flaws?  Should you use it as a measuring stick for other translations?  In today's episode, we'll cover the making of the KJV of the Bible, going back to William Tyndale's courageous work before delving…
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Gender in Bible Translation

https://youtu.be/6bZugfhX0TQ by Sean Finnegan Did you know that controversies surrounding how to translate gender in the Bible had a major impact on Bible translation over the last 30 years?  In this episode we'll briefly overview various feminist movements before examining the NRSV, which proved to be a forerunner for gender inclusive Bible translations.  Next we'll…
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Bible Translation Default Decisions

https://youtu.be/HPKVeNFEvnQ by Sean Finnegan This time, we need to take a look at five major default decisions translation teams make at the outset. 1. Units of Measurement and Currency 2. Hebrew Idioms 3. English Vocabulary 4. Editorial Enhancements 5. God's Name By becoming familiar with these five topics, you'll be able to better assess English…
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Bible Translation Philosophies

https://youtu.be/OTalda3J_eQ by Sean Finnegan As it turns out, English Bible translators divide into two broad styles of translation: formal equivalence and dynamic equivalence.  In this episode we’ll explore these two translation philosophies and the trade offs each makes in order to produce English Bibles. For more information visit lhim.org
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Two Uncorrected Corruptions

https://youtu.be/sdWcvrXtmi4 by Sean Finnegan Last time we covered two corrected corruptions (1 Timothy 3.16 and 1 John 5.7).  This time we'll consider two uncorrected corruptions, including the long ending on Mark (16.9-20) and the passage about the adulterous woman that Jesus saves (John 7.53-8.11).  Although these two texts are not found in the earliest and…
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Two Corrected Corruptions

https://youtu.be/X3AksNPFVCY by Sean Finnegan Today we move from learning about manuscripts and textual criticism to actually doing textual criticism.  I've chosen two well-known corruptions to illustrate the process of textual criticism: 1 Timothy 3.16 and 1 John 5.7.  In each of these cases scribes have altered the text of scripture and we have the manuscript…
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New Testament Textual Criticism

https://youtu.be/N1er5hDQAi0 by Sean Finnegan Last time we surveyed five hundred years of New Testament textual criticism.  Today we address the process by which these scholars have done and continue to do their work.  We'll see how they weigh internal and external evidence.  We'll cover reasoned eclecticism (Bruce Metzger), the refined documentary approach (Philip Comfort), and…
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Reconstructing the New Testament

https://youtu.be/gb0_2GeKTwI by Sean Finnegan Before we can understand how textual scholars do their work today, it's important to understand the history of how they have endeavored to reconstruct the Greek New Testament over the years.  In this episode you'll learn about the rich and important history of how our understanding of the Greek New Testament…
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Other New Testament Manuscripts

https://youtu.be/5v-PAT6dwe0 by Sean Finnegan We've been working our way through the various sources for our Greek New Testament.  We've looked at the papyri and the uncials, but there is so much more to consider.  In fact, the New Testament papyri and uncials combined make up less than 2% of our manuscripts.  Today, we'll consider the…
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Greek New Testament Uncials

https://youtu.be/Le2LuNJL8Dk by Sean Finnegan Today we are moving into our second group of New Testament manuscripts--the uncials.  However, before describing them, we'll need to focus on how Christian scribes went about their work.  As it turns out the situation is quite different than the Jewish scribes who preserved the Hebrew Bible.  Then we'll follow the…
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Greek New Testament Papyri

https://youtu.be/dWugeANgmR8 by Sean Finnegan Today we are shifting gears from the Old Testament to the New Testament, from Hebrew manuscripts to Greek ones.  We'll begin with the earliest evidence for the Greek New Testament, the papyri.  Made from the papyrus plant, approximately 130 of these manuscripts survive today in museums around the world.  In this…
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Jewish Bible Translations

https://youtu.be/GsWOaIgcKdQ by Sean Finnegan Today we are going to take a brief break from manuscripts and dip our toes into the pool of Bible translations.  Specifically, we'll take a look at six of the most prominent Jewish translations of the Hebrew Bible, including: Jewish Publication Society (1917) Koren Jerusalem Bible (1961) New Jewish Publication Society…
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Determining the Best Hebrew Reading

https://youtu.be/7Sg4zmH0cuo by Sean Finnegan For our Hebrew Bibles we have three main groups of manuscripts to compare: the Masoretic Text group, the Samaritan Pentateuch group, and the Septuagint group.  Each of these groups contain many manuscripts with the Masoretic Text group containing the most.  In this episode of How We Got the Bible, we're going…
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Samaritan Pentateuch and Ancient Translations

https://youtu.be/OXN5y30VsdE by Sean Finnegan In this class, "How We Got the Bible," we're continuing on in our quest to understand the sources for the Hebrew Bible.  We've already covered the Masoretic Text and the Dead Sea Scrolls, but we have one last important Hebrew source to look at before surveying several significant ancient translations.  As…
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Earliest Hebrew Manuscripts

https://youtu.be/p6KEcc2Rm5k by Sean Finnegan Last time we looked at the Hebrew manuscripts known as the Masoretic Texts from the middle ages. Today, we’ll focus on the earliest Hebrew manuscripts ever found, including those at the Cairo Genizah, the Ein-Gedi Scroll, the Nash Papyrus, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Ketef Hinnom Silver Scroll. This is…
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The Masoretic Text

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1E_9mmCXbMM&feature=youtu.be by Sean Finnegan This class covers the transmission of manuscripts as well as the translation process so you understand where Bibles come from. This episode focuses on the manuscripts that underlie the Masoretic Text. You’ll learn about the Aleppo Codex: probably the most accurate Masoretic Text on the planet. We’ll cover the Leningrad Codex…
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How We Got the Bible

https://youtu.be/Xe3sqndBhN0 Are you curious how we get our English Bibles? Have you ever wondered about the manuscripts and the translation process? Join Sean Finnegan as he leads you through a journey of discovery to understand where we get our Bibles from?
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