What do the words “Christ” and “Messiah” mean to you? “Christ” is from the Greek Christos and “Messiah” is from the Hebrew Mashiach. Both words mean anointed. The three significant anointings in the OT where the prophet, priest, and king. Jesus was the only one anointed as all three, with the predominate focus on the King. The Jews and Christians, according to the Gospels and the book of Acts, looked for the King to be installed on David’s throne in Jerusalem. He would reign over Israel and the whole world. Therefore, Christ or Messiah kindle thoughts of the king in Yahweh’s Kingdom on earth. To them Jesus Christ meant Jesus the King or King Jesus. Again, the question is what do we think?
The Gospel’s emphasis on the King and the Kingdom is undisputable. When Gabriel talked to Mary, he could have foretold many things about Jesus; however, his focus was on his kingship. “Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end.”
The magi from the east came looking for “he who has been born king of the Jews.” After they told Herod about the king, he enquired where the Messiah was to be born. He understood that the king and messiah were one and the same. He felt threatened to the extreme of murdering all the male children in Bethlehem from two years and under. After Andrew first met Jesus, he told his brother Simon Peter, “We have found the Messiah.” With Nathanael’s first encounter, he said, "Rabbi, You are the Son of God; You are the King of Israel." Based upon Yahweh’s covenant with David communicated often in the OT, they knew that the King to sit on David’s throne would be the son of God. To them, the phrase “son of God” automatically meant the coming King of Israel. Does the phrase “son of God” spark our thinking the same way?
Everywhere Jesus went, he preached and taught the Kingdom of God. In his first recorded teaching, called the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7), he referred to the Kingdom nine times. When he taught his disciples to pray, included was “Your Kingdom come Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven.” Matthew 9:35 states Jesus was going through all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom. While Jesus was incarcerated and under interrogation, an enraged Caiaphas, the High Priest, demanded, "I adjure You by the living God, that You tell us whether You are the Christ, the Son of God." To Caiaphas, “Christ”, and the “Son of God" meant he was the King. Later, during Pilate’s interrogation, he asked, "Are You the King of the Jews?" Pilate took a battered Jesus before the people and said, "Then what shall I do with Him whom you call the King of the Jews?" The soldiers in the praetorium put on his head a crown of thorns and around him a purple robe, the attire of a king then scorned, and beat him.
John 19:19-20 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, "JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS." Therefore, many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Latin and in Greek.
From his birth to his death, the King and God’s Kingdom were the emphasis. The reason this was so is the many OT prophecies that were taught in the temple and every synagogue. Thusly, the people were eagerly anticipating Yahweh’s coming Kingdom that would right all that was wrong in the world.
1 Chronicles 29:10-13 Yahweh was and is the definitive sovereign over all in heaven and earth.
Psalm 24:7-10 Lift up your heads, O gates, and be lifted up, O ancient doors, that the King of glory may come in! Who is the King of glory? Yahweh strong and mighty, Yahweh mighty in battle. Lift up your heads, O gates, and lift them up, O ancient doors, that the King of glory may come in! Who is this King of glory? Yahweh of hosts, He is the King of glory. Selah.
Yahweh has and will delegate others to rule under His absolute sovereignty: the 24 elders, Revelation 4:4-10; church elders, 1 Peter 5:1-4; Acts 14:23; government leaders, Romans 13:1-5. His ultimate plan was and is to have Jesus the Messiah as the King of His Kingdom on earth in the age to come.
Luke 1:31-33 (2 Samuel 7:1-17; Psalm 89:3-4; 132:11) Jesus will be the King on earth during the Millennial Kingdom.
Isaiah 9:6-7 For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; and the government will rest on His shoulders; and His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness from then on and forevermore. The zeal of Yahweh of hosts will accomplish this.
The name “Jesus” (Hebrew Yehoshua) means Yahweh saves or Yahweh is salvation. His name reflected what God would do through him. Revelation 3:12 concurs that Jesus will be given a new name. Perhaps this is that new name that will again reflect what God will do through him. He will provide perfect counsel always influenced by Yahweh. Jesus will be the god of the new age similar to how Satan is currently the god of this age (2 Corinthians 4:4). Jesus fathered his disciples when he was here and now does by the spirit (John 14:18) and will do it again when he returns. As the King of the world, he will cause peace to reign. The world has never seen peace.
- Government will rest on his shoulders
- Limitless and unending government – will include entire world
- Limitless and unending peace – world peace because all will have peace within. Satan will be locked in chains.
- His throne fulfills the promise to David, therefore is located in the city of God - Jerusalem
- He will establish and uphold the Kingdom with justice and righteousness just like his Father in heaven. (Psalm 89:13-14; 97:1-2)
Isaiah 11:1-5 Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse, and a branch from his roots will bear fruit. The Spirit of Yahweh will rest on Him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, The spirit of counsel and strength, The spirit of knowledge and the fear of Yahweh. And He will delight in the fear of Yahweh, and He will not judge by what His eyes see, nor make a decision by what His ears hear; But with righteousness He will judge the poor, and decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth; and He will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips He will slay the wicked. Also righteousness will be the belt about His loins, and faithfulness the belt about His waist.
- Jesse was David’s father, so Jesus is a descendant of David
- A politician without selfish motivation or influence by his or her constitutions, rather this one is motived by Yahweh. Not a representative of the people, but a representative of Yahweh for the people.
- Extraordinary qualifications - spirit of Yahweh, wisdom, understanding, counsel, strength, knowledge, and the fear of Yahweh.
- King Jesus will bring God’s Kingdom to earth and function just like his Father. He is God’s perfect agent on earth. Daniel 2:20-22
- God is perfectly qualified to judge us because He sees our hearts – Jeremiah 17:10; 11:20; Psalm 7:9; 1 Samuel 16:7; 1 Kings 8:39; 1 Chronicles 28:9. God impowered Jesus also to know what is in our hearts. Revelation 2:23 – “all the churches will know that I am He who searches the minds and hearts; and I will give to each one of you according to your deeds.”
- He will delight in Yahweh
- Decision making will not be according to his senses, but his spirit connected to the all-knowing One.
- Fairness for all, not just those who can afford an attorney.
- Righteous justice will be meted out quickly
- Righteousness and faithfulness, no mood swings or giving up.
Isaiah 16:4-5 “Let the outcasts of Moab stay with you; be a hiding place to them from the destroyer." For the extortioner has come to an end, destruction has ceased, oppressors have completely disappeared from the land. A throne will even be established in lovingkindness, and a judge will sit on it in faithfulness in the tent of David; moreover, he will seek justice and be prompt in righteousness.
- Extortion (the practice of obtaining something, especially money, through force or threats), destruction and oppression will completely end forever.
- Throne established in lovingkindness.
- The King will have faithfulness (fidelity, loyalty, constancy, trueness, allegiance).
- Justice and righteousness will prevail.
Isaiah 24:21-23 On that day Yahweh will punish the host of heaven, in heaven, and the kings of the earth, on the earth. They will be gathered together as prisoners in a pit; they will be shut up in a prison, and after many days they will be punished. Then the moon will be confounded and the sun ashamed, for Yahweh of hosts reigns on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and his glory will be before his elders.
- With the reign of Jesus, Yahweh will eliminate the influence of demons and evil people on earth. How glorious and holy will the world become without all the evil ones? (Revelation 20:1-3)
- The light of the sun and moon will seem dim compared to the light of Yahweh and His son. The light will expose all ungodliness. (John 1:4-9)
Isaiah 32:1-5 (ESV) Behold, a king will reign in righteousness, and princes will rule in justice. Each will be like a hiding place from the wind, a shelter from the storm, like streams of water in a dry place, like the shade of a great rock in a weary land. Then the eyes of those who see will not be closed, and the ears of those who hear will give attention. The heart of the hasty will understand and know, and the tongue of the stammerers will hasten to speak distinctly. The fool will no more be called noble, nor the scoundrel said to be honorable.
- He will reign in righteousness and justice.
- Princes will rule in justice.
- The government will actually provide safety for its people.
- The chosen will see, hear, and understand, no more nonsense.
- Fools and scoundrels will no longer rule, rather resurrected saints and Christ.
Zechariah 9:9-10 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation, humble, and mounted on a donkey, even on a colt, the foal of a donkey. I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim and the horse from Jerusalem; and the bow of war will be cut off. And He will speak peace to the nations; and His dominion will be from sea to sea, and from the river to the ends of the earth.
Matthew 21:5; John12:15 Jesus carried this out the last week of his life; however, based upon Zechariah 9, he will do it again with different results following.
- Jesus will be just and endowed with salvation, humble.
- War will end.
- His dominion will be worldwide.
Zephaniah 3:13-20 "The remnant of Israel will do no wrong and tell no lies, nor will a deceitful tongue be found in their mouths; for they will feed and lie down with no one to make them tremble." Shout for joy, O daughter of Zion! shout in triumph, O Israel! rejoice and exult with all your heart, O daughter of Jerusalem! Yahweh has taken away His judgments against you, He has cleared away your enemies. The King of Israel, Yahweh, is in your midst; you will fear disaster no more. In that day it will be said to Jerusalem: "Do not be afraid, O Zion; do not let your hands fall limp. "Yahweh your God is in your midst, a victorious warrior. He will exult over you with joy, He will be quiet in His love, He will rejoice over you with shouts of joy. "I will gather those who grieve about the appointed feasts-- They came from you, O Zion; The reproach of exile is a burden on them. "Behold, I am going to deal at that time with all your oppressors, I will save the lame and gather the outcast, and I will turn their shame into praise and renown in all the earth. "At that time I will bring you in, even at the time when I gather you together; indeed, I will give you renown and praise among all the peoples of the earth, when I restore your fortunes before your eyes," says Yahweh.
- Israel will finally be safe with no need to tremble.
- Israel’s judgements will be no more.
- Yahweh will reign as King through His Son, Jesus
- He will exult over you with joy; He will be quiet in His love; He will rejoice over you with shouts of joy.
- Yahweh will deal with all their oppressors.
- He will save the lame and outcast.
- The chosen will have renown and praise in the world.
Isaiah 2:1-5 The word which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem. Now it will come about that in the last days the mountain of the house of Yahweh will be established as the chief of the mountains, and will be raised above the hills; and all the nations will stream to it. And many peoples will come and say, "Come, let us go up to the mountain of Yahweh, To the house of the God of Jacob; That He may teach us concerning His ways and that we may walk in His paths." For the law will go forth from Zion and the word of Yahweh from Jerusalem. And He will judge between the nations, and will render decisions for many peoples; and they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, and never again will they learn war. Come, house of Jacob, and let us walk in the light of Yahweh.
- This section is repeated in Micah 4:1-4.
- Jesus will teach concerning His ways that people can walk His paths.
- The seat of world government will be Jerusalem.
- Jesus will judge all.
- No more wars
- Weapons of war will be molded into tools of agriculture.
- In view of this promise, we should walk in the light of Yahweh.
Jeremiah 23:5-6 “Behold, the days are coming," declares Yahweh, "When I will raise up for David a righteous Branch; and He will reign as king and act wisely and do justice and righteousness in the land. "In His days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely; and this is His name by which He will be called, 'Yahweh our righteousness.'
- Descendant of David
- Jesus will reign as King.
- He will rule with wisdom, justice, and righteousness.
- Judah and Israel will be one again, saved.
- His name will be Yahweh our righteousness.
Jeremiah 33:15-17 'In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous Branch of David to spring forth; and He shall execute justice and righteousness on the earth. 'In those days Judah will be saved and Jerusalem will dwell in safety; and this is the name by which she will be called: Yahweh is our righteousness.' "For thus says Yahweh, 'David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel; "For thus says Yahweh, 'David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel;
- Jesus will execute justice and righteousness in the earth.
- Judah will be saved.
- Jerusalem will dwell in safety.
- His name will be Yahweh is our righteousness.
Daniel 2:44 "In the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be left for another people; it will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will itself endure forever.
Daniel 7:27 ‘Then the sovereignty, the dominion and the greatness of all the kingdoms under the whole heaven will be given to the people of the saints of the Highest One; His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom, and all the dominions will serve and obey Him.'
- God’s kingdom will never destroyed or left to another.
- All the ungodly kingdoms of the world will come to an end.
- The saints of the Most High will oversee the nations of the world.
1 Corinthians 15:23-28 Jesus will reign until the final age when there is no longer the need for a king when everyone has been transformed.