Genesis 1 & the Big Bang

By Will Barlow

The Big Bang

In basic terms, what does the Big Bang theory say?

• The Universe began approximately 13.7 billion years ago
• Space and matter have been expanding and cooling since then

What is the current state of the Big Bang?

• We will never be able to travel back in time to observe the beginning
• Physicists used high-energy collisions to test hypotheses related to the Big Bang
• There is a physical restriction on understanding the first moment of the Big Bang

Are there viable alternatives to the Big Bang?

• Oscillating universe — Universes expand and contract until the right one pops out
• Multiple Universes — Infinite number of Universes exist beyond our ability to observe them
• Inflationary models
• Hawking’s theory

YEC and the Big Bang

How does YEC view the Big Bang?

• In short, YEC reject several aspects of the Big Bang
• YEC make both Scriptural and scientific arguments to defend their position
Scriptural Objections

What objections do YEC make about the Big Bang from Scripture?
“The Bible tells us that God created heaven, earth, and everything within them in the span of six days (Exodus 20:11) and rested on the seventh day. This is the basis for our work week (Exodus 20:8). In contrast, the big bang model claims that the universe and earth formed over billions of years.”

“Genesis tells us that God created the stars on the fourth day—three days after the earth was created. In contrast, the big bang model claims that stars existed billions of years before the earth.”

“The Bible tells us that the earth was made from water (2 Peter 3:5; Genesis 1:2–9; Psalm 24:2), but the standard secular model teaches that the earth began as a molten planet which cooled over millions of years, and that the oceans were the result of asteroid or meteor impacts, or from dissolution of comets as they entered earth’s atmosphere.”

Scientific Objections

What objections do YEC make about the Big Bang from science?
Missing Monopoles: The Big Bang should have produced massive particles with only one charge (either positive or negative)

Too Little Antimatter: The Big Bang should have produced equal amounts of matter and antimatter, but instead, slightly more matter than antimatter exists.

No Population III Stars: The Big Bang should have produced only hydrogen, helium, and lithium. These theoretically combined to form the first stars, but we can’t find any.

No Evidence for Inflation: One problem with the cosmic microwave background radiation is that it appears to have reached an impossible thermal equilibrium. Inflation theories have been proposed to solve this but there’s no evidence for rapid early inflation.

Scientific Objections

How do YEC explain the distant light reaching us?

• Exponential decay of the speed of light
• Used historical sources cataloguing the speed of light
• Propose that light reached its final speed in 1960

Answering YEC Scriptural Objections

Creation in six 24-hour days, not 13.7 billion years

• Day-Age: Each day could be longer
• Gap: 13.7 billion years between vs. 1 and 2
• Walton: ANE people not interested in physical creation

Creation of Earth before Sun

• Day-Age: Perspective of Earth observer
• Gap: Reconstitution of Sun on day 4, could be function/purpose oriented
• Walton: Creation is function oriented

Earth made from water

• Day-Age: This is not meant to be a physical description
• Gap: Reconstitution of Sun on day 4, could be function/purpose oriented
• Walton: Fits ANE understanding of the world

Missing monopoles and CMBR problems

• Rapid early inflation would dilute the monopoles, making them harder for us to observe
• This also solves the cosmic microwave background radiation problem

Too little antimatter

• This actually just refutes an atheistic Big Bang model
• OEC believe that God’s hand guided creation, so this result is what a OEC would expect to see

No population III stars

• Actually, scientists have found metal-light stars already (at the far edge of what we can observe) - one generation removed from population III
• Just because we haven’t observed something does not mean that it doesn’t exist

“Appearance of Age” and the Big Bang

• The “Appearance of Age” YEC view will agree with the scientific evidence
• They will say that God is testing us to choose between His Word and science
• The Day-Age view will agree with the scientific evidence for the Big Bang
• Schroeder’s model actually uses the Big Bang and general relativity

Gap Theory and the Big Bang

• The Gap Theory view will agree with the scientific evidence for the Big Bang
• No reason to argue against the scientific evidence when a long time could have elapsed between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2

Non-Literal Views and the Big Bang

• Collins will agree with the scientific evidence for the Big Bang
• Walton’s Temple view does not even think about modern cosmology, so he doesn’t really care

Choices

• Attack the scientific evidence for the Big Bang and hold a YEC view
• Accept the scientific evidence for the Big Bang and hold an OEC view
• Attack or accept the scientific evidence and hold a non-literal view

LHIM Weekly Bible Teachings
LHIM Weekly Bible Teachings
Genesis 1 & the Big Bang
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