Who, When, and Where


By Vince Finnegan

The use of brackets in the New Testament and important markers to acknowledge while studying the Scriptures.


John 7:53-8:11   The footnote from the ESV and NASB states: “Later mss add the story of the adulterous woman, numbering it as John 7:53-8:11

The website is codexsiniaticus.org. This website is very user friendly. From the top bar, you can type in any Scripture. Then the bottom left column is the actual Codex Sinaiticus. On the top half of the right column is the same Greek text printed in clear Greek letters. The bottom of the right half is the English translation. You don't really need Greek to follow along and see what is actually in this Uncial. If you can count lines, you can figure
it out!!

Mark 16:9-20   Footnote from ESV and NASB says that later mss add verses 9-20.


2 Timothy 3:16; 2 Peter 1:20-21   God is the author of all Scripture. What person wrote it is not as important
for understanding.

Romans 1:1   Paul is the one who received the revelation communicated in the book of Romans; however, technically Tertius wrote for Paul (Romans 16:22). Paul identifies himself in the church Epistles of Romans - Thessalonians. The Gospels carry the name of the writer; Acts was written by Luke; Revelation by John; Hebrews is questionable because the writer is not named.

Genesis-Deuteronomy were written by Moses and are often called the “the books of Moses. They are also called the Torah (the law of God) and Pentateuch (instruction).

Many of the books carry the name of the person who wrote them. The writer of many Psalms is declared within the heading. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon are believed to be written by Solomon.

We can have confidence of the writer with the books that tell us who wrote them. The other writings are
less certain.


Romans 15:4   All Scriptures are important. “The OT is the NT concealed, and the NT is the OT revealed.” The book of Romans alludes to the Old Testament over fifty times.

A simple approach is the OT relates to the Mosaic covenant, now called the old covenant, and the NT relates to the new covenant. The Old is addressed to Israel, and the New to Christians.

The Old Testament provides an enormous amount of information about Yahweh, while the NT focuses on Jesus, the Son of God. The OT delivers much detailed information about the coming Kingdom of God, while the NT often refers to it without explanation. The OT details information about sin, while the NT uses summary statements. The NT says “flee fornication;” the OT has pages explaining fornication.

Romans 1:7 is written to the beloved of God called saints.

Romans 9:1-5   The section primarily focuses on Israelites.   9:1-11:12

Romans 11:13   “I am speaking to you who are Gentiles.”


Tracking with the time frame of the writing is helpful for right understanding.


Maps help us enjoy the Bible.

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