Vindication or Judgment

by Sean Finnegan on October 15, 2006
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Notes:

Vindication or Judgment: two options for the people of the world in the parable of the tares and the wheat

Matthew 13.24-30 the parable
Matthew 13.36-43 the interpretation

    Three significant facts about tares
  1. 1. tares cannot be distinguished from wheat until they produce grain
  2. 2. consuming the grain of tares produces sickness, dizziness, and diarrhoea.
  3. 3. the tares cannot be removed without damaging the wheat
    a. wheat fields do not have paths to walk in so some wheat would be crushed by the weeders
    b. because the two grow with an intertwined root system uprooting the tares would uproot some of the wheat as well
Matthew 13.37
The Son of Man is a specific figure from the Hebrew Scriptures destined to receive the kingdom of God from the Ancient of Days. He is to come in the clouds to execute judgment on behalf of the Father. The coming of the Son of Man is not only a crucial element in understanding the end times, it is also a necessary ingredient to the gospel of the kingdom. {Dan 7.9-14; Mat 24.30; 26.62-64; John 5.19-30; Rev 1.5-7; Acts 10.38-43; 17.30-31; Rom 2.16}

Matthew 13.38
Intermixed throughout all of the world are the two crops of people: the sons of the kingdom and the sons of the evil one. Distinguishing between them (although difficult from a distance) is not difficult upon close inspection of the persons works (i.e. their fruit). {Gal 5.19-24; 1 John 3.10-12}. There is not a third category, no gray area: either one is a son of the kingdom or they are the offspring of the evil one.

Matthew 13.39
At the end of the age the harvest will occur. There are two ages {Mat 12.32; Eph 1.21} (1) the present evil age {Gal 1.4; 1 Cor 2.6} ruled by Satan {2 Cor 4.4; 1 John 5.19} (2) the age to come {Mark 10.30; Luke 20.35} ruled by the Son of Man {Mat 25.31-32; Heb 2.5- 9}. The two ages cannot coexist simultaneously. Just as the people of this age (the sons of the evil one) are unwelcome and incompatible with the coming age {Rev 22.15} so the people of the coming age (the sons of the kingdom) are not accepted or comfortable in this age {John 15.18-20; 17.13-16; James 4.4}.

Matthew 13.40
John the Baptist prophesied that his successor (the Messiah) would baptize with holy spirit and sift the crops into wheat and chaff (two categories of people). He would put the wheat into the barn (the kingdom) but burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire (judgment). {Mat 3.11-12}

Matthew 13.41
The Son of Man exercises his authority as God's Messiah to command the angels to enact God's wrath on the earth {2 Thes 1.7-9; Jude 1.14-15}. The targets of this weeding program are those who are stumbling blocks (instigators of sin) and the lawless (evil doers, those who live in defiance of God's laws). {Ps 37}

Matthew 13.42
The end of the unrepentant is the furnace of fire where there is weeping and gnashing of teeth. Hell-fire (gehenna) is a word often found on the lips of Jesus (11 times) to describe the destiny of the wicked. According to Revelation, there will be a White Throne Judgment before which all the dead (who were not in the 1st resurrection) will stand. If one's name is not found written in the book of life then he is thrown into the lake of fire (the second death). {2 Peter 2.6; Jude 1.7; Rev 21.8}

Matthew 13.43
Finally, now that the choking smog of wickedness has been removed, the righteous (the sons of the kingdom) will shine brightly in the age to come. Light is a dominant characteristic in the description of New Jerusalem. Every precious stone and person will be perpetually bathed in the glorious, holy, brightness of God and His Messiah as they live out unending lives in paradise. {Dan 12.2-3; 2 Cor 3.7-12; Rev 21.10-11, 23-27; 22.3-5}

"Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to make you stand in the presence of His glory blameless with great joy, to the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen."
-Jude (the brother of Jesus)



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