Daniel

by Rev. John Cortright on November 1, 2009
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Notes:

Daniel Timeline

In concurrence with the prophets Jeremiah and Ezekiel and books of II Kings & II Chronicles

625BC Jeremiah begins to prophecy in the 13th year of the reign of Josiah (Jer 25:1-3)
622BC * Approximate date for the birth of Daniel
608BC Jehoiakim begins to reign in Judah. He reigns for eleven years (II Ki 23:36; II Chr 36:5)
604BC Nebuchadnezzar invades Jerusalem, takes first wave of Judeans captive to Babylon in the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim. The exiles including Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. (Daniel 1:1-6) Daniel is possibly around 18 years old*
603BC Daniel interprets the dream of Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 2:1)
597BC Jehoiakim's son Jehoiachin rules in Jerusalem for 3 months (II Ki 24:8; II Chr 36:9)
597BC Nebuchadnezzar invades Jerusalem again, removes Jehoiachin from being king and takes him, along with his family and 10,000 mighty men of valor, in exile to Babylon in this second wave of captivity. (II Ki 24:8-15; II Chr 36:10). Ezekiel the prophet came either with this group, or with Daniel -- seven years earlier (Ez 1:1-3). Nebuchadnezzar appoints Zedekiah as king in Judah. Zedekiah rules for eleven years (II Ki 24:17-18; II Chr 36:10-11).
596BC Jeremiah writes a letter of exhortation (from Jerusalem) to the exiles in Babylon. Prophecies of a return in 70 years (Jeremiah 29:1ff)
591 -- 587BC While in captivity in Babylon Ezekiel gives vivid prophecy about the God's judgment on Judah and the impending siege and destruction of Jerusalem and the temple (Ezekiel chapters 1 through 24)
586BC The destruction of Jerusalem and the temple (after over a year of siege on the city). (II Ki 25:1-21; II Chr 36:17-20). Third carrying away of Judeans to Babylon (II Ki 25:11; II Chr 36:20; ).
580BC Possible date of the record in Daniel chapter three -- Meshach, Shadrach, and Abednego and the fiery furnace (Daniel chapter 3).
572BC In 25th year of captivity, Ezekiel prophecies of the restoration of the city of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 40:1ff -- 48:1ff).
570BC Possible date of the record in Daniel chapter four -- the second dream of Nebuchadnezzar and it's fulfillment one year later, with Nebuchadnezzar going mad -- into the wilderness for seven years.
561 -- 559BC Reign of Evil-Merodach -- successor of Nebuchadnezzar in Babylon. (II Ki 25:27-30; Jer 52:31-34).
559 -- 557BC Reign of Nehglissar, king of Babylon.
557 -- 539BC Reign of Nabonidus, king of Babylon. Likely that his son Belshazzar ruled as king in the province of Babylon, towards the end of his reign.
542BC First year of rule under king Belshazzar -- vision in Daniel chapter 7
540BC Third year of rule under king Belshazzar -- vision in Daniel chapter 8
539BC Record of the writing on the wall and the Persians' defeat of the Babylonians by Cyrus the Great and Darius the Mede - Daniel 5:1ff
538BC Daniel and the Lion's Den (Daniel 6:1ff). Daniel is approximately 84 years old. *
538BC First year of rule by Darius the Mede. Daniel's answer concerning the 70 year return to Jerusalem as prophesied by Jeremiah. (It has been 48 years since Jerusalem was destroyed). Daniel 9:1ff.

Also the vision of Daniel in chapter 11-12.

536BC Third year of Cyrus, king of Persia -- vision in Daniel chapter 10.

*- Actual dates for the age of Daniel are never recorded. The first chapter of Daniel indicates these men were to be educated and able to serve in the king's court. The term "youth" would seem to indicate young men, possibly elder teenagers. The eighteen year old reference for the year of captivity is simply as a point of reference. Daniel's actual age could be different than indicated in this chart.


Daniel was a faithful man his entire life. From a young man until his old age, he lived righteously among the nations; he maintained wisdom and peace. His life was a shining beacon and a witness for the one true God.

Other Scriptures provide more details of the times in which he lived. Jeremiah, Ezekiel, II Kings, & II Chronicles give more details about this time in history.

Daniel 1:1-7 Daniel was well aware of the Scriptures. In considering his current situation, Daniel could have understood that his circumstance was foretold by the words of the law and the by the words of the prophets. God said, if they disobeyed they would be scattered from their land. However, God also promised, that if, while in their captivity, they would humble themselves, that He would not forsake them (Deuteronomy 28:15-67; Leviticus 26:41-45; I Kings 8:46-53).

Daniel 1:8-21 Daniel made up his mind, he "purposed in his heart" (KJV), "resolved"(NIV).

Daniel 2:1-14 Daniel's reaction is one to be admired. Daniel replied with "discretion and discernment," "counsel and wisdom," "wisdom and tact." He didn't reply with fear and anxiety, anger and bitterness, worry and frustration. Daniel was a wise man. His wisdom surpassed all the minds of the great men of Babylon. How did Daniel respond with such wisdom? James 3:13-18

We too have been told of tribulations that may come our way in this world. We are called to be wise in this world (Matthew 10:16; Luke 21:10-15; Ephesians 5:16-17; Colossians 4:5).

Daniel 2:15ff This opened the door for Daniel to declare his God.

There were times he received encouragement from his contemporaries.

Jeremiah 29:1-14 -- Imagine what this letter did for the heart of Daniel and the other sin exile.

Ezekiel 11:14-20 -- Ezekiel, a fellow exile in Babylon, spoke these words of hope.

Daniel 6:1ff Daniel's life had surpassed five kings of Judah and five rulers in Babylon. He prospered in a foreign land. He knew experientially that all nations were in the hands of the Almighty. Now toward the end of his life, Daniel still maintained faithfulness to God. He was unwavering in his conviction to God. What a testimony for us today!



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