Miracles & Messiahs

by Rev. Sean Finnegan on December 7, 2014
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Notes:

MIRACLES
Isaiah 35: The prophet envisions a renewed world when the desert will bloom, the weak will find encouragement, the blind will see, the deaf will hear, the lame will leap, the mute will shout, and all will worship God joyfully.

Isaiah 61
: God acts bringing good news to the afflicted, liberty to the captives, vengeance to the wicked, and comfort to all who mourn. His people will rebuild, serve as priests, and possess a double portion in the land. As the earth brings forth sprouts, so God will cause righteousness and praise to spring up.

Other miracle workers: Honi the Circle Drawer (1st century BC), Hanina ben Dosa (1st century AD)

MESSIAHS

Isaiah 11
: A descendant of Jesse (king David's father) will establish lasting justice and equity in the land. With the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked.

Isaiah 53
: He will not have a majestic appearance, but he will be despised, forsaken, acquainted with grief. He will bear our griefs and sorrows, be pierced through for our transgressions, be crushed for our iniquities. By his scourging we are healed. Oppressed and afflicted, he remained silent. He was cut off yet found his grave with the rich; thereby, he interceded for transgressors and justified the many.

Jewish sources that thought Isaiah 53 referred to the Messiah:

Babylonian TalmudAD 180
Targum Jonathan AD 200
Midrash Ruth Rabbah AD 850
Rabbi Moshe Maimonides AD 1200
Zohar via Moses de Leon AD 1290
Moshe Ibn CrispinAD 1375

Other leaders of messianic movements: Athronges (4 BC), Judah the Galilean (AD 6), the Samaritan Prophet (AD 36), Theudas (AD 45), the Egyptian Prophet (AD 58), Simon bar Giora (AD 69), Simon ben Kosiba (AD 132)

Who best fits the kingdom age and suffering servant prophecies?



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