The Gentiles Receive

by Rev. John Cortright on June 21, 2009
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Notes:

Acts 10:1-2 The record in Acts chapter 10 occurs about ten years after the day of Pentecost. The understanding of the Mystery had not yet been revealed. Up until this time only Jews and Jewish proselytes had received the Gospel message and the gift of holy spirit. Caesarea was the primary Roman coastal city in Judea, about 70 miles from Jerusalem. Cornelius was a Gentile.

Acts 10:2-4
Cornelius was a devout man who feared God.

Acts 10:5-8
Joppa was another coastal city about 25-30 miles south of Caesarea.

Acts 10:9-16
At around noon Peter was praying and received a vision. The law gave specific information about unclean animals (Leviticus chapter 11). In this vision, Peter was told to kill and eat. He was given the understanding that what God has cleansed he should not consider unholy.

Acts 10:17-23
God had set up this entire arrangement. The timing of events is incredible.

Acts 10:24-29
Peter understood from the vision he had received earlier that he should not call these men unholy or unclean, but he still did not fully understand why he had been sent to the house of Cornelius.

Acts 10:30-33
Cornelius recounts the incident with the angel and asks Peter to tell him what the Lord has commanded.

Acts 10:34-43
Peter preaches the gospel message to the Gentiles.

Acts 10:44-46
They received the holy spirit. In Acts chapter 8, Simon saw a manifestation of the spirit when Peter and John laid hands on people. Here, the believers who came with Peter saw that the gift of holy spirit was given to the Gentiles when they heard them speak in tongues.

Acts 10:47-48
Peter ordered them to be baptized with water in the name of Jesus Christ. Unlike Acts chapter 8, where they were baptized first and then received holy spirit later, here the holy spirit came upon the household of Cornelius without any water baptism. This record clearly shows that God accepted the household of Cornelius. God had cleansed them. And through their faith, and belief in the Gospel message, they received God's anointing -- the gift of holy spirit.

Acts 11:1-18
After Peter goes back to Jerusalem, the Jewish believers take issue with Peter's actions. He reiterates the entire incident. They had been baptized with the holy spirit. God had given them the same gift. Peter could not stand in God's way. The Gentiles also had been granted repentance that leads to life. Praise the LORD!



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