Pentecost '09

by Rev. Vince Finnegan on May 31, 2009
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Acts 1:4 and 5 John's baptism not only prepared his repentant hearers for the coming judgment but also pointed them on to that spiritual baptism of which the prophets had spoken.

Acts 1:11 Christ ascended, but his abiding presence and energy fill the whole book of Acts and the whole succeeding story of his people on earth.

1:16 The vacancy among the apostles needed to be filled. The number twelve was significant in that it corresponded to the number of the tribes of Israel and may have marked the apostles out as leaders of the new Israel.

Acts 1:16-20 - Psalm 69:25 and Psalm 109:8

Other Old Testament quotes regarding Judas:

John 13:18 "He who eats my bread has lifted up his heel against me"- Psalm 41:9

John 17:12 "...but the son of perdition, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled."

Matthew 27:9 and 10 -- thirty pieces of silver ...potter's field - Zechariah 11:12 and 13

Acts 1:24-26 They knew the basic requirements to fill the position but were not sure which of the two was the right one.

1:26 - The casting of lots was not about voting of chance. Casting lots was common among the Jews on important and difficult occasions, and it was natural that the apostles should resort to it in this situation.

Proverbs 16:33 The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the LORD.

Ex 28:30 ; 1Sa 28:6 They were a certain divinely given means by which God imparted, through the high priest, direction and counsel to Israel when these were needed.

After this incident in Acts 1, there is no historic record of this procedure's being used again because of the presence of the holy spirit.

Acts 13:1-4 Once the holy spirit was given, the way revelation was received was different.

2:1 The day of Pentecost was so called because it fell on the fiftieth day after the presentation of the first sheaf to be reaped of the barley harvest, that is the fiftieth day from the first Sunday after Passover (Lev. 23:15). It is also called "the day of the first fruits." Pentecost is also believed to be the day of the giving of the Law on Sinai.

2:2 "Wind" was used in the Old Testament to symbolize the spirit (Ezek. 37:9-14).

2:3 John said the baptism would be with fire. This was not the first time the fire of God came to this same location.

2:4 The beginning of this Church age was signified by speaking in tongues.

2: 5-13 The event was preparation for the worldwide proclamation of the gospel.

2:17 and 18 The quotation comes from Joel 2:28-32. The context of Joel's prophecy contains a call to repentance in hope of divine forgiveness. Peter echoed the same in his teaching.

2:22 The early apostolic preaching regularly comprises four elements (not always in the same order).


  1. The announcement of the coming age
  2. The ministry, death, and resurrection of Jesus
  3. Citation of Old Testament
  4. Call to repentance

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