The Mosaic Law

by Rev. Vince Finnegan on January 25, 2008
Subscribe to our podcast to automatically download the weekly Bible teaching.



Exodus 20:1-17 In the third month after leaving Egypt, Israel came to the mountain in the wilderness of Sinai where God spoke directly to all the people. Everyone heard the Ten Commandments, so no one could ever justifiably plead ignorance. They form the core of righteous behavior, the essence of the right relationship with Yahweh and humanity.

Matthew 22:36-40 These two summarize the whole of the law and the prophets, but they do not diminish the unchanging specifics written therein.

Exodus 20:1-3 God, whose proper name is Yahweh, reveals Himself through the books of Moses and the prophets which are contained in the Old Testament.

Deuteronomy 6:4 "Hear, O Israel! The LORD (Yahweh) is our God, the LORD (Yahweh) is one!"

You shall have no other gods before Me
You shall not make for yourself an idol
You shall not take the name of Yahweh your God in vain
Observe the Sabbath day
Honor your father and mother
You shall not murder
You shall not commit adultery
You shall not steal
You shall not bear false witness
You shall not covet


Exodus 25:8 God's initial communication having to do with the tabernacle explains one primary purpose for it: "...that I may dwell among them."


- Revealed to the world that Yahweh is the one, true God - Romans 9:17
- Proclaimed His personality - Exodus 34:6 and 7
- Defined sin and explained its consequences - Romans 3:20; 7:7
- Showed man was guilty before God and needed a Savior - Romans 3:19
- Pointed toward Christ as the means to receive God's righteousness through grace - Romans 3:21-26
- Illustrated that sacrifice is necessary for remission of sin - The book of Hebrews
- Held mankind in until Christ; provided a moral code and strict governor - Galatians 3:19-25
- Provided a teacher till Christ - Galatians 3:24

The old covenant was a type for the new covenant and provided a shadowy pattern and example.

« back to sermon archive