Weekly Bible Teaching

The Covenants of God
By Rev. John Cortright on 02/05/2012


II Corinthians 1:21
The promises of God are “yes” and “Amen!” Through the years, starting with the man Abraham, God not only made promises, but He also made a few everlasting covenants.

Overview of the Covenants

• The covenant to Abraham – an everlasting covenant
• The covenant to David – an everlasting covenant
• The covenant with the nation of Israel – the old covenant
• The Messianic covenant – the new covenant, came with Jesus

The Abrahamic Covenant

Genesis 17:5-7; Genesis 22:15-18
God bound His promise to Abraham with an everlasting covenant. God not only made a promise to Abraham; He cut a covenant, and He swore with an oath.

Hebrews 6:13-19
God’s promise is unchangeable! God will absolutely bring to pass what He has promised! This is the anchor of our soul. God promised Abraham that he would inherit the earth (Romans 4:13).

The Davidic Covenant

II Samuel 7:1-17
God’s promise to David was that God would establish his throne forever and that a descendant of his would rule on the throne forever. This Kingdom would never end. This is the great Messianic promise to David. As with Abraham, God not only made a promise to David, but He made an everlasting covenant and swore with an oath (II Samuel 23:5; Psalm 89:3-4, 34-37).

The Mosaic Covenant (The Old Covenant)

During the time of Moses, God and the children of Israel entered into a covenant. This is the old covenant (Exodus 24:7-8). This old covenant was specifically for the nation of Israel. Much of what is recorded in the law is symbolic of what would come in the future with the Messiah. It was a shadow, a pattern, a figure of something greater coming in the future (Hebrews 10:1; Colossians 2:17; Hebrews 8:5; 9:23; 9:9).

The covenants made to Abraham and David were everlasting covenants, which have ramifications for our future hope. Until the writings of the Apostle Paul and the revelation of the Mystery, the inclusion of the Gentiles was not understood (Romans 9:4-5; Ephesians 2:11-13; Galatians 3:17-18, 29).

The Messianic Covenant (The New Covenant)

With the coming of the Messiah and his death on the cross, the old covenant was completed. Jesus initiated a new covenant, which replaced the old with better and more enduring promises of eternal inheritance (Hebrews 8:6-13; 9:15).

God remains faithful to His promise. He not only made these everlasting promises, but He made a covenant, and He swore with an oath. He will absolutely bring to pass what He has declared.
Jeremiah 33:20-21
Thus says the LORD, 'If you can break My covenant for the day and My covenant for the night, so that day and night will not be at their appointed time, then My covenant may also be broken with David My servant so that he will not have a son to reign on his throne, and with the Levitical priests, My ministers.

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