Weekly Bible Teaching

Paul and the Ten Commandments
By Rev. John Cortright on 08/18/2013


The Ten Commandments

You shall have no other gods before Me
You shall not make for yourself an idol
You shall not take the name of Yahweh your God in vain
Observe the Sabbath day
Honor your father and mother
You shall not murder
You shall not commit adultery
You shall not steal
You shall not bear false witness
You shall not covet

Paul never taught anyone to break the Ten Commandments. He shared about the new life we have in Christ and how through grace we can live by faith and be obedient.

Romans 2:5-24
(Hypocrisy – stealing, adultery, idolatry – blaspheming the Name).
Jesus taught the same about hypocrisy (Matthew, chapter 23).

Romans 6:1-2, 12, 17-23
We are not to live a life of sin, breaking the laws of God. Rather now, we can serve God in righteousness and obedience.

Romans 13:8-10
(Murder, adultery, stealing, covetousness) Love is the fulfillment of the law.

Romans 14:4-13
– As with Jesus, Paul never spoke disparagingly of the Sabbath day. Weekly assembly and reading of the law in the Synagogue became attached to Sabbath keeping (Acts 13:20-16, 27, 43-44; 15:21; 16:13; 17:1-2; 18:4). This continues in our day and time. Paul writes that we should not judge each other. Colossians 2:16

The heart of what was written in the law is still true: it is a sign that Yahweh has sanctified His people (Exodus 31:13).

Ephesians 6:1-3
– Paul continued to teach the fifth commandment as well.

Obedient, holy living according to the commandments of God is an integral part of the teachings of the Apostle Paul (Romans 1:29-32; 1 Corinthians 5:11; 6:9-11; 10:7-14; Galatians 5:19-21; Ephesians 5:3-6; 2 Timothy 3:1-4). Colossians 3:5-6 – Greed, evil desire (aka – covetousness) amounts to idolatry.

Jesus did not teach much about idolatry because Israel was no longer tempted with polytheism. However, the Apostle Paul took the gospel message to the Gentile nations – a world filled with idolatry. He often spoke out against Idolatry and to turn “to God from idols to serve the living and true God [1Thess 1:9b].” Acts 14:6-19; 16:16-33; 19:23-28

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