Weekly Bible Teaching

The Passover Lamb
By Rev. John Cortright on 04/07/2019


“For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us”
- 1 Corinthians 5:7b (KJV)

The First Passover
The children of Israel were in bondage in Egypt under the rule of Pharaoh.

Exodus 3:16-22
God called the man, Moses, to go before Pharaoh, to bring His deliverance, to lead Israel out of Egypt and bring them to the Promised Land. He was to go before Pharaoh and declare, “Let My people go.” However, God knew that Pharaoh would release the children of Israel only under compulsion.

God sent 10 plagues upon the Egyptians, and after the tenth plague, Pharaoh would release the children of Israel from their bondage. The final plague was the death of the firstborn in Egypt. Exodus 11:1-6

Exodus 12:1-13

The Passover lamb was slain at twilight/even on the 14th of Nisan. The words translated “at twilight” or “at even” is a unique Hebrew phrase ben ha arbayim, meaning “between the two evenings.” This phrase is used for the time of day to sacrifice the Passover (Ex 12:6; Lev 23:5; Nu 9:3, 5, 11); the time of the evening sacrifice (Ex 29:39, 41; Nu 28:4, 8); when the high priest burned the evening incense (Ex 30:8); and one time when the children of Israel ate meat the evening before the manna arrived (Ex 16:12). According to Deuteronomy, the Passover was to be slain “at the going down of the sun” (Deu 16:6). This was a time between noon, when the sun was at highest, and sunset. Then at sunset, a new day began. They were to sprinkle the blood on the doorposts and lintel of their houses. Then, the Passover was to be eaten that night -- the 15th of Nisan.

Exodus 12:14-17

The Feast of Unleavened Bread coincided with the Feast of Passover, starting that night, the 15th of Nisan.

Exodus 12:21-28
The first Passover observed

Exodus 12:29-42

Pharaoh released the children of Israel. The Israelites plundered the Egyptians. After 430 years of sojourning, the children of Israel left Egypt.

Jesus, the Lamb of God
1 Corinthians 5:7; John 1:29, 36; Isaiah 53:7; 1 Peter 3:18-19

Matthew 27:46, 50; Mark 15:34, 37; Luke 23:44, 46.
Jesus died around the 9th hour -- about 3 pm in the afternoon at ben ha arbayim - between the two evenings.

John 19:32-36

Not a bone of him shall be broken -- Ex 12:46; Num 9:12; Ps 34:20.

Revelation 5:6-14

Jesus, the Lamb (Jesus is referred to as “the Lamb” 26 times in the book of Revelation.)

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